Being a waxy substance, LDL cholesterol (which stands for Low density lipoprotein cholesterol) is one of the five major groups of lipoprotein. It is commonly referred to as bad cholesterol because of its excessive levels. It has harmful effects on the body. The following five are some of these harmful effects:
1. Higher chance of cardiovascular diseases
Excessive levels of LDL cholesterol in the blood can turn into a hard plaque that blocks blood vessels like arteries, causing atherosclerosis, coronary artery disease and many other diseases.
The blockage of the arteries can also damage the heart as it uses more energy to pump blood through a blocked or semi-blocked artery, potentially damaging heart vessels. High blood pressure and stroke can occur as a result of this.
2. Higher chance of developing diabetes
LDL cholesterol, made from sugars ingested, is the main causative agent of diabetes. The condition usually develops when blood sugar levels are too high, either because the body does not produce enough insulin to take care of them, or too much sugar is eaten.
The lower the LDL cholesterol blood level, the lower the chance there is of diabetes developing.
When arteries that carry blood to the kidneys and stomach are blocked, gallstones are formed in the gallbladder. LDL cholesterol is the main culprit behind this blockage, and this condition of blocking these particular arteries that feed the kidneys and stomach is called Intestinalischemic syndrome. In fact more than 75% of the gallstones in the bladder are cholesterol gallstones.
4. Blood circulation problems
Blood vessels that are blocked by plaque will make it harder for blood to flow through them. This reduces the quality of blood flow, so that some muscles will not be receiving the right amount of nutrients and oxygen they need.
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