Peritonitis: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Peritonitis is a medical condition in which a moist tissue inside your tummy walls called peritoneum gets damaged. This is a membrane which covers your abdominal cavity from the inside and also the organs present in it. This tissue reacts to any kind of harmful contamination with an inflammatory response. This means in simple words that the tissue gets inflamed if something wrong happens to it.

This is a medical condition which requires treatment as soon as it may be possible. This process of inflammation can be localized or diffused in nature in some case. Doctors treat the problem as soon as it is diagnosed by observing some symptoms that are mentioned below:


The most initial symptoms are lost appetite and nausea. After that comes a slowly rising pain in the abdomen which keeps getting severe as time passes by. The pain is temporary in the start but it becomes fatal and permanent in a short span of time. The pain increases as you move your body.

Other prominent signs and symptoms related of peritonitis may have:

  • Abdominal tenderness or distention.
  • Chills.
  • Fever.
  • Fluid in the abdomen.
  • Extreme thirst.
  • Not passing any urine, or passing significantly less urine than usual.
  • Difficulty in passing wind or relocating your body.
  • Vomiting.
  • Diarrhea.


Most instances of peritonitis are brought on by contamination. In uncommon cases, these can be in the peritoneum itself. Most ordinarily, contamination originate from another source. A break in the gut is regularly the wellspring of a contamination. Cracks can originate from a burst supplement, or from an opening made by a serious stomach ulcer, among different causes.

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The two fundamental sorts of peritonitis are essential unconstrained peritonitis, a contamination that creates in the peritoneum; and auxiliary peritonitis, which for the most part creates when a damage or disease in the stomach cavity permits irresistible living beings into the peritoneum. Both sorts of peritonitis are life-undermining. The passing rate from peritonitis relies on upon numerous elements, yet can be as high as 40% in the individuals who additionally have cirrhosis. Upwards of 10% may bite the dust from auxiliary peritonitis.

Individuals on a kind of kidney dialysis that includes filling the peritoneum with liquid and trading this can likewise get a disease from outside the body. The main causes include:

A cracked supplement, diverticulum, or stomach ulcer.

  • Digestive infections, for example, Crohn’s illness and diverticulitis.
  • Pelvic incendiary sickness.
  • Punctures of the stomach, digestive tract, gallbladder, or informative supplement .
  • Injury to the belly, for example, a damage from a blade or discharge wound.


In case you’re determined to have peritonitis, you’ll be admitted to a hospital. Ordinarily, you’ll instantly begin getting intravenous anti-microbials or antifungal medicines to treat the disease. Extra strong medications will be important if organ disappointment from sepsis creates as an intricacy of the contamination. Such medicines may incorporate intravenous liquids, medications to keep up pulse, and nutritious backing.

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