Psoriasis is a non contagious chronic skin disorder. In a case of psoriasis skin cells are produced more rapidly than normal thereby causing inflammation of the area of the skin affected. Psoriasis is usually found on the knees, navel, around genitals, on the elbows and on the scalp.
Psoriasis affects people of any age but is mostly develops in individuals within the age of 11-46. The main cause of psoriasis has not yet been identified but cases of psoriasis have been linked to smoking, reaction of the body to certain medications, prolonged injury on the skin and genetic makeup of an individual.
1. Symptoms of psoriasis
Symptoms of psoriasis differ from person. Some people live with psoriasis and show little or no symptoms, but others show symptoms that persist for a very long time. Some of these symptoms include red patches covered with silver scales on the skin, dry skin, constant itching on the skin. Burning sensation in the affected area and swelling of stiffening of the affected joints.
2. Types of psoriasis
The different types of psoriasis which can be experienced are given below.
Plaque psoriasis is the most common type of psoriasis. This type of psoriasis causes the inflammation on the skin leading to red patches covered with the silvery plaques.
Inverse psoriasis is the type of psoriasis which is usually seen in areas of the skin with folds like the armpit. Overweight individuals and people with deep skin folds have a higher risk of experiencing inverse psoriasis.
Erythromycin psoriasis is type of psoriasis affects a larger area of the skin compared to the other types of psoriasis. Erythrodermic psoriasis shedding of the skin, loss of fluid in the body, severe itching in affected area. Erythromycin psoriasis can be life threatening.
Gutter psoriasis is the type of psoriasis which is not as serious as other types. Spots formed on the skin are mild and have lighter colours than others. It is mostly triggered by bacterial infection and sunburn.
Pustular psoriasis is type of psoriasis which is unique. It is characterized by the formation of blisters contain pus. These blisters are then surrounded by red skin, pustular can affect any part of the body, but it is mostly seen on the hand and on the feet.
3. Treatments of psoriasis
Treatment for psoriasis are basically to reduce inflammation on the skin and stop the abnormal production of skin cells. Some of these treatments are given below.
- Application of prescribed ointments
- Light therapy or phototherapy
- Medication of prescribed drugs
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